What is a sleep disorder?
sleep disorders in adults and infants are worldwide problems nowadays. It is the situation in which you are struggling to fall asleep. After getting asleep, wake up in the middle of the night and can’t get back to sleep. This remains for some days, some weeks or longer, you suffer from sleeplessness, a serious disorder that robs your body of the rest it requires to re-energize you physically, mentally, and emotionally.
If this sounds like you, you’re not alone. Sleeplessness affects all age groups. According to a survey caries by The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that about 60 million Americans suffer from sleep disorder each year. The National Sleep Foundation reports that disordered sleep – difficulty falling asleep, light sleep, or nonrestorative sleep for several nights or more weekly – affects nearly two-thirds of American adults at some point. It’s believed that sleeplessness increases as we grow older. More than half of older Americans have trouble sleeping and think it’s a part of aging. It’s not.
According to an article published in 01,March 2012, “Increased Prevalence of Insomnia and Changes in Hypnotics Use in England over 15 Years: Analysis of the 1993, 2000, and 2007 National Psychiatric Morbidity” .It was found that insomnia was modest increases from 35.0% in 1993 to 38.6% in 2007; insomnia diagnosis from 3.1% to 5.8%, respectively. In some surveys, similar strengths of association in relation to all criteria were found.
Insomnia In female Gender
Surprisingly, the results show that there is a remarkable increase in insomnia cases were females. About 46% of females were victims of sleep disorder. This article also explains the causes which are given here:
- Increased age
- lower educational attainment
- Economic inactivity
- widowed, divorced, or separated status
Insomnia In Male Gender
A survey that had a total of 26851 participants, 14215 participants were men and 12551 were women. Its result shows that about 52% of males have sleep disorders. And about 46% were female cases. So this shows that male cases were more than female cases. The mean age was 38.1 (±16.05) years old, with 42.8 (±17.53) in the rural residents, which was significantly older than 36.0 (±14.85) in the urban residents.
The causes of more male cases were:
- Alcohol addiction
- Smoke addiction
- Drugs addiction
Some causes were same in both male and female which are mention above
Types of sleeping disorders?
Mainly, there are three types of sleeping disorders. All other categories are related to these three types.
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)
- Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
In Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) breathing stops automatically for brief periods of time during sleep. usually, air flows easily from the mouth and nose into the lungs at all times. The periods in which breathing stops are called apnea or apneic episodes. In OSA, the normal airflow is frequently stopped throughout the night. The airflow stops because airway space in the area of the throat is too narrow. Snoring is characteristic of obstructive sleep apnea. Snoring is caused by airflow squeezing through the narrowed airway space.
If you leave it untreated, apnea can cause serious health problems such as:
- Heart disease
Signs of sleep apnea
Apnea causes episodes of decreased oxygen supply to the brain and other parts of the body. Quality of sleep is poor, which causes daytime drowsiness and lack of clarity in the morning. People who have sleep apnea may also experience the following symptoms:
- Headaches that are difficult to treat
- Feeling disgruntled (grumpy)
Other symptoms include:
- Hyperactivity in children
- worsening depression
- Poor job and school performance
- Loss of interest in sex
- Leg swelling
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)
According to the National Institute Of Neurological Disorders And Stroke (NIH), Restless leg syndrome, or RLS, is a neurological disorder. RLS produce unpleasant sensations in the legs, along with a powerful urge to move them. The most serious effect of RLS on people is that it interferes with sleep, causing daytime sleepiness and fatigue. About 10% of Americans are affected by RLS of any age. It is mostly more severe in middle age or later. Effectiveness in women to have RLS are twice as likely as men.
Signs Of RLS
Most people with RLS, symptoms change with age. The most prominent symptom of RLS are:
- An overwhelming urge to move your legs
- Unusual sensations
- Trouble falling asleep or staying asleep
- Daytime sleepiness
If you have RLS it can affect your overall health and quality of life, but if you have RLS and chronic sleep deprivation, you may be a higher risk of:
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Early death
Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome
Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) is also known as delayed sleep phase disorder or delayed sleep-wake phase disorder. If you have DSPS, you can’t fall asleep at an acceptable bedtime. Instead, your sleep is delayed by at least two hours. This happens mostly when you’re tired. Mostly DSPS affects teenagers and younger adults.
Signs of DSPS
The most prominent symptom of DSPS are:
- Difficulty falling asleep
- Difficulty waking up
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- No other sleep issues
- Depression and behavior problems
If you have DSPS, you may be a higher risk of:
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
sleep disorders In Adults
In adults, possible reasons for sleep disorders are:
- Bad sleeping habits
- Lifestyle choices
- Medical conditions
- Some signs are minor and may improve with self-care, while others may require you to seek medical attention.
- Causes of sleeplessness may includes
- Excessive stimulation before bedtime such as:
- Watching television
- Playing video games
- Consuming too much caffeine
- Noise disturbances
- An uncomfortable bedroom
- A feeling of excitement.
- Sleeping too much during the day
- Lack of exposure to sunlight
- Frequent urination
- Physical pain
- Jet lag
- And some medications may also lead to difficulty sleeping.
sleep disorders In Infants
Infants may also have Sleeplessness. it is quite normal for newborns to wake up several times throughout the night. Anyway, most infants will start to sleep through the night after they’re 6 months old.
Some times an older infant is showing signs of sleeplessness, it may be a sign that they are:
- OR bothered by gas or digestive problems.
How can I solve my sleeping problem naturally?
According to the Sleep Foundation Organization, Some healthy sleep habits can make a big difference in your quality of life. Having healthy sleep habits is normally referred to as having good sleep hygiene. You should try to keep the following sleep practices on a consistent basis:
- Stick to a sleep schedule
- Practice a relaxing bedtime ritual.
- If you have a sleep disorder, avoid naps, especially in the afternoon.
- Exercise daily.
- Sleep on a comfortable mattress and pillows.
- Try to Use bright light to help manage your circadian rhythms.
- Try to avoid alcohol, cigarettes, and heavy meals in the evening.
- Avoid electronics before bed
If you are still having trouble sleeping, don’t hesitate to speak with your doctor or to find a sleep professional
If left untreated, chronic sleep disorders can greatly affect your quality of life. Your reaction time when driving may decrease, which increases your risk of an accident.
Bad and sleep quality may also reduce your performance levels on the job or at school. It may also weaken your immune system, resulting in more colds and illnesses.
Don’t hesitate to speak with your doctor if your sleeping problems become frequent. Your doctor can help recommend various treatment methods.